layout viewport

Layout viewports are objects that display views of model space. You create, scale, and place them in paper space on a layout.

On each layout, you can create one or more layout viewports. Each layout viewport is like a closed circuit TV monitor of a view of the model at a scale and orientation that you specify.

How to Create a New Layout Viewport?

  1. If necessary, click a layout tab.
  2. Set the current layer to a layer that’s reserved for layout viewports (recommended).The border visibility of layout viewports is controlled by layer visibility. Whether this layer is plotted is controlled by the setting in the Plot column in the Layer Properties Manager.
  3. Click Layout tabLayout Viewports panelInsert View.
  4. Do one of the following:
    • If named views have not been saved in model space, click two points to define a rectangular view from expanded model space. Press Enter to accept the results or click two more points.
    • If one or more named views were previously saved in model space, click to choose a named view from the gallery.
    • If one or more named views were previously saved in model space, click the New View button at the bottom of the gallery. Then, click two points to define a rectangular view from expanded model space. Press Enter to accept the results or click two more points.
  5. Right click to display a list of scales and click one of them.
  6. Click to place the layout viewport on the layout.
  • To adjust the size, shape, and border of the new layout viewport, select the layout viewport and click a size grip one of the corners of the viewport object.
  • To move the layout viewport, click the move grip at the center of the viewport and click a new location. Alternatively, you can use the Move command.
  • To change the display scale, click the triangular scale grip near the center of the layout viewport. You can also select the edge of the viewport object, and specify the viewport scale in the Properties palette.

How to Create a Nonrectangular Layout Viewport?

You can create a new viewport with nonrectangular boundaries by converting a geometric object created in paper space into a layout viewport using the MVIEW or -VPORTS command.

  • With the Object option, you can select a closed object, such as a circle or closed polyline created in paper space, to convert into a layout viewport. The object that defines the viewport boundary is associated with the viewport after the viewport is created.
  • With the Polygonal option, you can create a nonrectangular layout viewport by specifying points. The prompts are the same as the prompts for creating a polyline.
  1. If necessary, click a layout tab.
  2. Set the current layer to a layer that’s reserved for layout viewports (recommended).The border visibility of layout viewports is controlled by layer visibility.
  3. Click Layout tab>Layout Viewports panel>Rectangular, Polygonal, or Object.
  4. Follow the prompts.

Note: When you want to suppress the display of the boundary of a layout viewport, you should turn off the layer of the nonrectangular viewport instead of freezing it. If the layer of a nonrectangular layout viewport is frozen, the viewport is not clipped correctly.

How to Automatically Set Up Multiple Viewports on a Layout?

  1. Click Layout tab>Layout Viewports panel>Dialog box launcher. 
  2. In the Viewports dialog box, New Viewports tab, under standard viewports select a viewport configuration from the list.
  3. Under Setup, select either 2D or 3D.When you select 3D, a set of standard 3D views is applied to each viewport in the configuration.
  4. Under Viewport Spacing, select the amount of spacing you want to add between the viewports.
  5. To change a view, select a viewport in the preview image. Under Change View To, select a view from the list of standard views.The list includes top, bottom, front, back, left, right, and isometric views, along with any named views that are saved in the drawing. The selected view is displayed under Preview.
  6. Click OK.
  7. On the layout, specify two points to indicate the area to contain the viewport configuration.

How to Adjust the Layout Viewport?

After you create a layout viewport, you can change its size and properties, and also scale and move it as needed.

  • For control of all the properties of a layout viewport, use the Properties palette.
  • For the most common changes, select a layout viewport and use its grips.

How to Lock the scale of Layout Viewport?

To prevent accidental panning and zooming, each layout viewport has a Display Locked property that can be turned on or off. You can access this property from the Properties palette, the right-click menu when a layout viewport is selected, a button on the Layout Viewports tab on the ribbon, and a button on the status bar when one or more layout viewports are selected.

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